The Report of the National Preventive Mechanism 2015
This report represents activities and monitoring results of National Preventive Mechanism (NPM) in 2015 on the human rights situation in closed institutions.
In order to examine the human rights situation, the Special Preventive Group carried out 54 visits to 15 penitentiary facilities throughout the country last year; made 7 visits to children's homes subordinated to religious organizations and met with 200 children; paid 10 visits to small family-type children's homes and met with 69 children. In addition, 7 visits were paid to the homes of elderly people, where they met with 150 beneficiaries.
The Special Preventive Group visited 18 people in the temporary accommodation center in the Interior Ministry's Migration Department; monitored two return operations of migrants deported from European countries; carried out monitoring in 31 temporary detention centers and 59 police departments; visited 54 detainees, 25 prisoners and 35 soldiers; paid 18 visits to psychiatric facilities and met with 661 patients. In addition, last year the National Preventive Mechanism carried out a project "Strengthening of complaints/requirements mechanism and internal monitoring" in the penitentiary facilities.
The report also focuses on the protection of migrants from ill-treatment, monitoring of return operations of deported migrants, and rights situation of asylum seekers, refugees and persons with humanitarian status.
The report highlights problems that exist in closed institutions, including establishment of an independent investigation mechanism for effective investigation of ill-treatment in the penitentiary system, which has been repeatedly mentioned by the Public Defender in his recommendations; violence among prisoners and existence of criminal subculture; lack of safety, need for personnel retraining, irrelevant physical environmental, poor sanitary and hygienic conditions, limited contact with the outside world and disciplinary penalties.
It was further noted that the lack of financial and human resources as well as low qualifications of the staff have negative impact on the provision of psychiatric care. In addition, physical environment and various forms of violence against patients in some mental institutions are alarming.
Report underlines the human rights situation of the elderly and noted that it was important to involve the old people living in boarding houses in different types of rehabilitation and social activities in order to avoid their isolation from the society.
The annual report of the National Preventive Mechanism also describes in detail the measures taken for the improvement of communication with stakeholders, development of working methods, staff training and capacity building.